Assess, Plan, Do, Review (APDR) Cycle

How to demonstrate the four stages of action

Schools/Settings must provide a graduated response to children’s SEND, i.e develop a graduated approach to increasing and developing support as a child or young person responds to the interventions, support and strategies put into place. The four stages of action are described as: 

Assess, Plan, Do and Review.

This is a four-part cycle through which earlier decisions and actions are revisited, refined and revised with growing understanding of the pupil’s needs and of what supports the pupil in making good progress and securing good outcomes (SEND Code of Practice 2015).

Schools and other settings should demonstrate, through evidence, the application of the Assess, Plan, Do, Review (APDR) cycle over time by ensuring:

  • Earlier decisions and actions are revisited and reviewed
  • New approaches and plans are put into place 
  • External help and advice is accessed where necessary

The APDR cycle helps to:

  • Monitor and track in more detail the progress of the child/young person
  • Give a growing understanding of needs
  • Identify barriers to learning and adjust the curriculum and provision accordingly
  • Gather information in a cyclical approach to assess need, plan and provide support and review and evaluate that support so it can be adjusted accordingly
  • Ensure new approaches and plans are put into place with external help and advice where necessary
  • Secure good progress and outcomes.

The Assess, Plan, Do Review (APDR) Cycle Diagram 

A text version of the Assess, Plan, Do, Review diagram is available here.